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Types of Technologies

How Many Types of Technologies?


Often we hear various jargon of different types of technologies and sometimes during the discussion, it becomes a mouthful of technologies to digest the meaning of these. Many times these technologies are overlapping each other but the speaker mentions that in a certain context. Today I thought let me list the possible technologies which we hear about very frequently. Nowadays AI balloon is flying everywhere and all over, it is impacting our society, business, government, social behavior, lifestyle, and whatnot. In light of this, we find many new technologies are popping up or modifying the way of doing existing businesses. In the interest of brevity, I am keeping a one-liner kind of definition. In the coming time, based on the need I will expand on each topic. Each technology mentioned below deserves a full-length article to understand the possibilities around that and its impact on our businesses, societies, etc.

There are various ways to classify different types of technologies, and the terminology may differ depending on the source or context. Here are some common types of technologies:

Types of Technologies

Disruptive technologies:

Disruptive technologies are innovations that disrupt existing markets, products, or services by creating new markets or significantly changing the value proposition of existing offerings. Examples of disruptive technologies include the personal computer, digital photography, and mobile phones.

Transformative technologies:

Transformative technologies are innovations that have the potential to transform society and change the way we live, work, and interact with each other. Examples of transformative technologies include artificial intelligence, blockchain, and 3D printing.

Emerging technologies:

Emerging technologies are innovations that are still in the early stages of development but have the potential to have a significant impact on society and the economy. In today’s context examples of emerging technologies include nanotechnology, quantum computing, and gene editing.

Enabling technologies:

Enabling technologies are innovations that enable or support the development and implementation of other technologies or solutions. Examples of enabling technologies include cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT), and wireless communication technologies.

Core technologies:

Core technologies are innovations that are essential to the development and functioning of a particular industry or field. Examples of core technologies include semiconductor technology in the electronics industry and biotechnology in the healthcare industry.

Green technologies:

Green technologies, also known as clean technologies, are innovations that aim to reduce the environmental impact of human activities and promote sustainability. Examples of green technologies include solar power, wind power, and electric vehicles.

Information technologies:

Information technologies (IT) are technologies that are used to process, store, and communicate information. Examples of IT include computer hardware and software, telecommunications networks, and the internet.

Medical technologies:

Medical technologies are innovations that are used to diagnose, treat, or prevent medical conditions. Examples of medical technologies include medical imaging equipment, implantable devices, and gene therapies.

Space technologies:

Space technologies are innovations that are used in the exploration and utilization of outer space. Examples of space technologies include spacecraft, satellites, and space probes.

Social technologies:

Social technologies are innovations that are used to facilitate communication, collaboration, and social interaction. Examples of social technologies include social media platforms, online communities, and instant messaging applications.

Robotics and automation technologies:

Robotics and automation technologies are innovations that are used to automate or assist with physical tasks. Examples of robotics and automation technologies include industrial robots, self-driving cars, and home automation systems.

Energy storage technologies:

Energy storage technologies are innovations that are used to store energy for later use. Examples of energy storage technologies include batteries, flywheels, and pumped hydroelectric storage systems.

Transportation technologies:

Transportation technologies are innovations that are used to transport people or goods from one place to another. Examples of transportation technologies include airplanes, bus, car, bike, trains, and ships.

Financial technologies:

Financial technologies, also known as fintech. In India, we hear this word very frequent in the context of UPI, PayTM, PhonePe, RazorPay, PolicyBazar, CRED, BHIM etc. Fintech are innovations that are used to improve or automate financial services. Examples of fintech include mobile payment systems, robo-advisors, and blockchain-based financial platforms.

Agricultural technologies:

Agricultural technologies are innovations that are used to improve agricultural productivity and sustainability. Examples of agricultural technologies include precision farming systems, genetically modified crops, and drip irrigation systems.

Augmented and virtual reality technologies:

Augmented and virtual reality technologies are innovations that enable users to experience digital content in a physical environment or create immersive virtual environments. Examples of augmented and virtual reality technologies include virtual reality headsets, augmented reality apps, and haptic feedback systems. In the coming 2-3 years from now we will see a huge burst of technologies around AR, VR, MR etc.

Cognitive technologies:

Cognitive technologies are innovations that enable machines to perform tasks that traditionally require human cognition, such as perception, reasoning, and learning. Examples of cognitive technologies include natural language processing, machine learning, and computer vision.

Cybersecurity technologies:

Cybersecurity technologies are innovations that are used to protect computer systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, theft, or damage. Examples of cybersecurity technologies include firewalls, encryption software, and biometric authentication systems.

Materials science technologies:

Materials science technologies are innovations that are used to develop new materials with specific properties or improve the performance of existing materials. Examples of materials science technologies include nanomaterials, smart materials, and composite materials.

Wearable technologies:

Wearable technologies are innovations that are worn on the body and can monitor or assist with physical activity, health, or other functions. Examples of wearable technologies include fitness trackers, smartwatches, and augmented reality glasses.

Education technologies:

Education technologies, also known as edtech, are innovations that are used to improve teaching and learning. Examples of edtech include online learning platforms, educational apps, virtual reality simulations, and programing platforms.

Entertainment technologies:

Entertainment technologies are innovations that are used to provide entertainment or leisure activities. Examples of entertainment technologies include video games, streaming services, and virtual reality experiences.

Personal productivity technologies:

Personal productivity technologies are innovations that are used to increase efficiency and effectiveness in personal or professional tasks. Examples of personal productivity technologies include task management apps, note-taking tools, and time-tracking software.

Social impact technologies:

Social impact technologies are innovations that are designed to address social or environmental challenges and create positive change in society. Examples of social impact technologies include renewable energy systems, water purification technologies, and mobile health applications.

Sports technologies:

Sports technologies are innovations that are used to improve performance or enhance the spectator experience in sports. Examples of sports technologies include wearable sensors, sports analytics software, and stadium technology.

Space technologies:

Space technologies are innovations that are used to explore space or improve our understanding of the universe. Examples of space technologies include telescopes, satellites, and spacecraft.


It’s worth noting that many technologies can belong to multiple categories and can have a variety of applications. For example, artificial intelligence can be used in healthcare, finance, transportation, and many other industries. The categorization of technologies is not always clear-cut and can depend on various factors such as context, industry, and intended use.